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WikiDoc Resources for Enterotoxin


Most recent articles on Enterotoxin

Most cited articles on Enterotoxin

Review articles on Enterotoxin

Articles on Enterotoxin in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Enterotoxin

Images of Enterotoxin

Photos of Enterotoxin

Podcasts & MP3s on Enterotoxin

Videos on Enterotoxin

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Enterotoxin

Bandolier on Enterotoxin

TRIP on Enterotoxin

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Enterotoxin at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Enterotoxin

Clinical Trials on Enterotoxin at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Enterotoxin

NICE Guidance on Enterotoxin


FDA on Enterotoxin

CDC on Enterotoxin


Books on Enterotoxin


Enterotoxin in the news

Be alerted to news on Enterotoxin

News trends on Enterotoxin


Blogs on Enterotoxin


Definitions of Enterotoxin

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Enterotoxin

Discussion groups on Enterotoxin

Patient Handouts on Enterotoxin

Directions to Hospitals Treating Enterotoxin

Risk calculators and risk factors for Enterotoxin

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Enterotoxin

Causes & Risk Factors for Enterotoxin

Diagnostic studies for Enterotoxin

Treatment of Enterotoxin

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Enterotoxin


Enterotoxin en Espanol

Enterotoxin en Francais


Enterotoxin in the Marketplace

Patents on Enterotoxin

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Enterotoxin


An enterotoxin is a protein toxin released by a micro-organism in the lower intestine. Enterotoxins are frequently cytotoxic and kill cells by altering the permeability of the epithelial cells of the intestinal wall. They are mostly pore forming toxins, secreted by bacteria, that assemble to form pores in cell membranes. This causes the cells to die.

The death of cells that form the barrier between the intestinal lumen and the surrounding tissue causes interstitial fluid, composed of water and electrolytes to leak into the intestinal tract, causing diarrhea.

Organisms secreting enterotoxins

Examples of organisms secreting enterotoxins are: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Clostridium perfringens, Vibrio cholerae, Staphylococcus aureus, Rotavirus and Yersinia enterocolitica. These toxins have A and B subunits. The A subunit is responsible for the loss of permeability of the intestinal endothelial cells. The B subunit acts as a syringe, injecting the A subunit into the cytoplasm.

See also

External links

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