Sudden cardiac death causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sara Zand, M.D.[2] Edzel Lorraine Co, DMD, MD[3]


Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) may be caused by underlying cardiac abnormality including coronary artery abnormality , hypertrophy of myocardium, myocardial disease, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease, abnormality in conducting system and electrical instability. The type of cardiac disease that is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) depends on the age of the individual [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8].



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Winkel BG, Holst AG, Theilade J, Kristensen IB, Thomsen JL, Ottesen GL; et al. (2011). "Nationwide study of sudden cardiac death in persons aged 1-35 years". Eur Heart J. 32 (8): 983–90. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehq428. PMID 21131293.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Risgaard B, Winkel BG, Jabbari R, Behr ER, Ingemann-Hansen O, Thomsen JL; et al. (2014). "Burden of sudden cardiac death in persons aged 1 to 49 years: nationwide study in Denmark". Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 7 (2): 205–11. doi:10.1161/CIRCEP.113.001421. PMID 24604905.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Bagnall RD, Weintraub RG, Ingles J, Duflou J, Yeates L, Lam L; et al. (2016). "A Prospective Study of Sudden Cardiac Death among Children and Young Adults". N Engl J Med. 374 (25): 2441–52. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1510687. PMID 27332903.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Wisten A, Forsberg H, Krantz P, Messner T (2002). "Sudden cardiac death in 15-35-year olds in Sweden during 1992-99". J Intern Med. 252 (6): 529–36. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2796.2002.01038.x. PMID 12472914.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Chugh SS, Jui J, Gunson K, Stecker EC, John BT, Thompson B; et al. (2004). "Current burden of sudden cardiac death: multiple source surveillance versus retrospective death certificate-based review in a large U.S. community". J Am Coll Cardiol. 44 (6): 1268–75. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2004.06.029. PMID 15364331.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Winkel BG, Risgaard B, Sadjadieh G, Bundgaard H, Haunsø S, Tfelt-Hansen J (2014). "Sudden cardiac death in children (1-18 years): symptoms and causes of death in a nationwide setting". Eur Heart J. 35 (13): 868–75. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/eht509. PMID 24344190.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Byrne R, Constant O, Smyth Y, Callagy G, Nash P, Daly K; et al. (2008). "Multiple source surveillance incidence and aetiology of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac death in a rural population in the West of Ireland". Eur Heart J. 29 (11): 1418–23. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn155. PMID 18424446.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Eckart RE, Shry EA, Burke AP, McNear JA, Appel DA, Castillo-Rojas LM; et al. (2011). "Sudden death in young adults: an autopsy-based series of a population undergoing active surveillance". J Am Coll Cardiol. 58 (12): 1254–61. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2011.01.049. PMID 21903060.
  9. Waldmann V, Karam N, Bougouin W, Sharifzadehgan A, Dumas F, Narayanan K; et al. (2019). "Burden of Coronary Artery Disease as a Cause of Sudden Cardiac Arrest in the Young". J Am Coll Cardiol. 73 (16): 2118–2120. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.064. PMID 31023437.
  10. Waldmann V, Karam N, Rischard J, Bougouin W, Sharifzadehgan A, Dumas F; et al. (2020). "Low rates of immediate coronary angiography among young adults resuscitated from sudden cardiac arrest". Resuscitation. 147: 34–42. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.12.005. PMID 31857140.