Sudden cardiac death history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sara Zand, M.D.[2] Edzel Lorraine Co, DMD, MD[3]


Sudden cardiac death (SCD) often happens without warning and symptomsare usually drastic. History taking should be concise and be more focused on information very pertinent to SCD such as the presence of family history of SCD, epilepsy, deafness due to long QT syndrome (LQTS), sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), or pacemaker implantation at 50 years old or younger [1] [2].



  1. Brignole M, Moya A, de Lange FJ, Deharo JC, Elliott PM, Fanciulli A; et al. (2018). "2018 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope". Eur Heart J. 39 (21): 1883–1948. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy037. PMID 29562304.
  2. Ranthe MF, Winkel BG, Andersen EW, Risgaard B, Wohlfahrt J, Bundgaard H; et al. (2013). "Risk of cardiovascular disease in family members of young sudden cardiac death victims". Eur Heart J. 34 (7): 503–11. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs350. PMID 23150455.
  3. Marijon E, Uy-Evanado A, Dumas F, Karam N, Reinier K, Teodorescu C, Narayanan K, Gunson K, Jui J, Jouven X, Chugh SS (January 2016). "Warning Symptoms Are Associated With Survival From Sudden Cardiac Arrest". Ann Intern Med. 164 (1): 23–9. doi:10.7326/M14-2342. PMC 5624713. PMID 26720493.

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