Sudden cardiac death risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sara Zand, M.D.[2] Edzel Lorraine Co, DMD, MD[3]


Common risk factors related to underlying coronary artery disease (CAD) and inherited causes in the development of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) are hypertension, male gender ,diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking, older age, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to hypoxia, early ventricular fibrillation (VF) (within 48 hours of ACS increasing in-hospital mortality five times), early repolarization patten in early phase of myocardial infarction (MI), and family history of sudden death.

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  1. Adabag AS, Luepker RV, Roger VL, Gersh BJ (April 2010). "Sudden cardiac death: epidemiology and risk factors". Nat Rev Cardiol. 7 (4): 216–25. doi:10.1038/nrcardio.2010.3. PMC 5014372. PMID 20142817.
  2. Naruse, Yoshihisa; Tada, Hiroshi; Harimura, Yoshie; Hayashi, Mayu; Noguchi, Yuichi; Sato, Akira; Yoshida, Kentaro; Sekiguchi, Yukio; Aonuma, Kazutaka (2012). "Early Repolarization Is an Independent Predictor of Occurrences of Ventricular Fibrillation in the Very Early Phase of Acute Myocardial Infarction". Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology. 5 (3): 506–513. doi:10.1161/CIRCEP.111.966952. ISSN 1941-3149.

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